2285 Aloma Ave. Winter Park, FL 32792 Schedule An Exam - Call Us Today!  (407)672-2020

Diabetic Eye Disease – Other Eye Conditions Linked to Diabetes

Diabetes is a serious disease that should never be ignored. Its tendency to affect the eyes makes it imperative that you visit an eye doctor in Winter Park once you are diagnosed with diabetes. The most common eye disease related to diabetes is Diabetic Retinopathy which is more commonly known as “Diabetic Eye Disease.” This term covers a lot of other eye conditions related to diabetes such as cataracts, diabetic macular Edema (DME) and glaucoma. These conditions, if not attended to by an eye doctor in Winter Park, can lead to complete blindness or severe loss of vision.

A great deal of awareness has been raised about how acute diabetes is. And this is why patients with diabetes are encouraged to be proactive about it and seek continuous medical help, especially the health of their eyes. For anyone living with diabetes, they have to go for regular eye exams so they can have updated information about the status of their ocular health.

Effects of Diabetes on the eyes

Diabetes is the major cause of blindness for patients aged between 20 years and 50 years old. And in adults living in the United States of America, Diabetic Retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness. Therefore, if you are living with diabetes, it is essential to know if the disease affects your eyes in any way. You should see an experienced eye doctor in Winter Park for routine checks. The least way in which diabetes affects the eyes is by causing blurry vision, and even that is not a comfortable thing to live with.

Diabetes is a disease that makes the sugar levels in the body rise. An increase in blood sugar level leads to swelling of the lenses which makes vision blurry. This, as mentioned earlier is the mildest effect of diabetes on the eyes. The problem of blurry vision is not permanent if promptly attended to. All it requires is to undergo treatment to regulate the blood sugar levels. If the blurry vision however persists, you should see an eye doctor in Winter Park to find out how to treat it and see if it can lead to more severe problems in the future. You should not leave your ocular health to chance or fate once you’re diagnosed with diabetes.

Apart from blurry vision, there are some other more severe eye conditions linked to diabetes, and we will be talking about them below.

1. Diabetic Retinopathy

This is when the blood vessels in the retina are affected by the high sugar levels in the blood. Typically, it starts by making the affected blood vessels swell up and in extreme cases, begin to leak. In other instances, the blood vessels grow out of control and make the surface of the retina hidden. And, since the retina is the part of the eye where light enters the eyes to produce images, the swollen blood vessels block light from entering the eyes therefore making vision blurry or impossible. This is what leads to blindness if not taken care of. Mostly, for patients who have had diabetes for a long time, they stand a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. The only way out of this is to consult with an eye doctor in Winter Park on how to regulate their blood sugar, thereby protecting their retina.

2. Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

This occurs as a result of diabetic retinopathy. It is one step after retinopathy; that is, a diabetic patient must have developed diabetic retinopathy for them to develop diabetic macular edema. DME is of two types – the focal DME and the diffuse DME. Abnormal blood vessels in the eye cause focal DME while swelling capillaries cause diffuse DME. The result of these issues is that fluid gets accumulated in the macula, a part of the retina which is responsible for making images clear and accurate. Patients who have developed DME, if not treated immediately can cause any of the following; floaters, double vision, blurry vision, and even blindness. The common most effective treatment for diabetic macular edema is using eye injections or laser procedures.

3. Cataracts

Cataracts are when the eye loses the clarity with which it sees, and the lens gets cloudy. Cataracts make the eye opaque, cloud your vision, makes the eye blurry and cause glare in the eye. It is different from diabetic retinopathy and DME where one leads to the other. Cataracts can affect anyone, even those who do not have diabetes but they are more common in patients living with diabetes. Treatment of cataracts includes taking out the damaged lens and replacing with a natural lens.

4. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the condition in which the eye is unable to drain or get rid of excess fluid. When there is a fluid buildup in the eye, there is more pressure on the optic nerve, and this causes pain in the eye, headache, and blurred vision. If nothing is done about it, it damages the optic nerve in the end and may lead to a permanent loss of vision. Glaucoma can be arrested by using medications to speed up the fluid drainage and reduce the pressure in the eye. Glaucoma is not an eye condition peculiar to diabetic patients alone but its occurrence goes with diabetes as one of the effects of diabetic retinopathy is the inability of the eye’s drainage system to work effectively.

Consult with an eye doctor in Winter Park today!

At Eyes of Winter Park, we conduct eye exams for anyone with eye problems or living with diabetes to help them maintain healthy eyes. Whether it is an eye exam, diagnosis or treatment for an eye condition, our eye doctors in Winter Park will assist you. Call 407 672 2020 today to schedule an eye examination.

Call us today to schedule an exam!