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The Causes of dry eyes that you have to know

It has happened to all of us at one time or the other. You are reading a book, pressing your phone or working on your computer and when you blink, you feel a kind of friction in between your eyelids, it is not normal. Even though we blink several times within a day, the moment your eyelid doesn’t glide over your eye smoothly, you will notice it. If this is something you experienced recently and you have been trying to figure out what this means, you will get all the answers in this article. It is known as dry eyes and just before you head to an eye doctor in Winter Park read this article first. At least, about 6 percent of the population will experience dry eye intermittently and generally, one or two contact lens wearers will experience this at a point while wearing their contact lens.

There are two significant causes of Dry eye

  1. Environmental factors: A high level of tear evaporation.
  2. Physiological factors: Not enough tears produced by the eyes to keep the eyes lubricated.

There is a certain level of tear film required by the eyes so it can maintain its comfortable and natural state and if this level is disrupted, you will begin to notice symptoms of dry eye.

Environmental Factors

The primary environmental factor that causes dry eye is wind exposure. If you are engaged in activities that cause the wind to blow heavily against your eyes, you will find out that your eyes feel dry within a short time. You can choose to wear sunglasses or any protective glasses so you can prevent evaporation of tears from your eyes as a result of the wind.

Another environmental factor that causes dry eye is water exposure. If you expose your eyes to too much salt water or chlorinated water, it will lead to dry eyes. Take, for instance, you get under ocean water or swimming pool, after your body dries off, you will notice that your eyes feel unusually dry for the rest of the day. You may be thinking that the water in the swimming pool or ocean should keep your eyes hydrated or wet, but the chlorine and salt affect the film of tears which causes dry eyes. This film of tears contains more than just water; it is made up of other components like mucin, lipids and other things that keep the eyes moisturized.

The third environmental factor that causes dry eyes is light. Staring at a light source for a long time causes the dry eye. If you find yourself working in front of a computer for too long, staying on your phone or looking at the fluorescent light for too long, you will notice that the rate at which you blink will reduce and this reduces the distribution of tear film over the eyelid surface. In the case of being exposed to fluorescent lights for too long, often, this is made worse by air conditioning in the environment. Modern air conditioning units are designed to extract moisture from the air, and this is done so that there can be less circulation of airborne viruses and bacteria which thrive better in moisturized air. This usually has its effects on the eyes as the eyes will be less hydrated and will lead to dry eyes eventually.

Physiological Factors

As much as the environment plays its role in the creation and exacerbation of dry eye symptoms, there are also some physiological factors that can do the same too.

A major physiological factor is your diet. If you make a complaint about dry eyes to an eye doctor in Winter Park, after asking you questions about your environment, the next question he will ask you is “What is your diet composed of?” Coffee and other diuretics can leave your body dehydrated which leads to the inability to produce tears. Alcohol too can make it difficult for the body to create enough tear components. If you reduce your coffee and alcohol intake, and you replace it with water, your body will have enough water to produce tears and prevent the occurrence of dry eyes.

Another important factor that an eye doctor in Winter Park will tell you is your biochemistry. If you use any one of oral contraceptives, blood pressure medicines, antidepressants, they can interfere with your body’s biochemistry and affect the regulation of tears in your eyes. This is why in some of these medicines, in the side-effects section, dryness of eyes is often listed. If you are bothered about whether your medications can cause dry eyes for you, consult with your eye doctor in Winter Park on how to deal with it.

The third physiological factor that causes dry eyes is age. The level of tear production reduces with age, and as you grow up, there is a fluctuation in hormone production which also has its contribution to the occurrence of dry eyes. Menopause is also another thing that comes with age which can lead to dry eyes but regardless of any of these life stages, it is vital to maintain a quality eye health. For this reason, always stay in touch with your eye doctor in Winter Park if you get any symptoms related to dry eyes.

Other factors that can cause dry eyes which are physiological include severe eye surgical procedures such as cataract surgery or LASIK. Wearing contact lens also contributes to the occurrence of dry eyes. Dry eye is not just lack of moisture or water in the eyes; there are a lot of reasons for its occurrence, and you have to note what you put your eyes through. If, however, you are unable to avoid some situations, you need to talk to an eye doctor in Winter Park for a better understanding of how to effectively manage various conditions and factors.

If you experience dry eye symptoms, consult with an eye doctor in Winter Park at Eyes of Winter Park by calling 407 672 2020.

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